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Review of Armenia and Georgia Business Visas

Armenia and Georgia are small neighboring countries in Caucasus. Both countries welcome foreign investors and entrepreneurs and offer immigration benefits such as short-term and long-term business visas and residence permits. Business Owners. Armenia grants business owners 1-year (short-term) and 5-year (long-term) residence permits. No minimum investment or income are required and there are [...]

By | 2017-11-17T07:03:05+04:00 November 17th, 2017|Immigration, Important|Comments Off on Review of Armenia and Georgia Business Visas

15 Reasons to Get an Armenian Passport

Benefits of an Armenian Passport  Armenian passport (citizenship) can be acquired by ethnic Armenians, i.e. those who have ancestors of Armenian origin, as well as long-term residents of Armenia, spouses of Armenian citizens and certain other categories of individuals. Below is a list of 15 reasons why obtaining an [...]

By | 2017-07-01T00:25:20+04:00 June 5th, 2017|Immigration, Important|Comments Off on 15 Reasons to Get an Armenian Passport

Easiest European Country for Immigration? – Armenia

Armenia is perhaps the easiest country for immigration in Europe, if not the whole world.  Immigrants are not required to prove income, make large investments, purchase real property, have bank accounts, obtain health insurance, speak Armenian etc. In Armenia there are no work permits and Armenian employers are not required to prefer local people over foreigners. Residence [...]

By | 2017-09-18T07:40:00+04:00 December 19th, 2015|Immigration|Comments Off on Easiest European Country for Immigration? – Armenia

Illegal Entrepreneurship

Illegal entrepreneurship is defined as conducting business activities without state registration or without obtaining a license, if required. State registration is not required, however, for small entrepreneurs paying "patent fees" and agricultural workers. There are multiple penalties for illegal entrepreneurship prescribed by criminal, administrative and tax laws: Administrative fine of AMD 15,000 - 30,000 (USD 32-64); [...]

By | 2015-10-04T17:58:52+04:00 October 4th, 2015|Business Law|Comments Off on Illegal Entrepreneurship

Residency for High Net Worth Individuals and Investors

Any type of business activity in Armenia, including passive investment, qualifies for a temporary residence permit, irrespective of the actual amount invested. Thus, Armenia might be a good option for those who cannot afford large investments.

By | 2015-02-09T09:28:47+04:00 February 9th, 2015|Immigration|Comments Off on Residency for High Net Worth Individuals and Investors

Objective Criteria for Issuing or Refusing Visas & Residence Permits

Armenian immigration authorities must follow objective criteria when deciding whether to grant or refuse applications for visa or residence permit.  However, the evaluation of certain evidence is unavoidably subjective. In particular, the application may be rejected if the applicant presented false information about him/herself, failed to submit necessary documents or if the immigration authorities have knowledge that [...]

By | 2015-02-05T09:23:54+04:00 February 5th, 2015|Immigration|Comments Off on Objective Criteria for Issuing or Refusing Visas & Residence Permits

Minimum benefits for foreign employees

Foreign employees are entitled to the same benefits as local employees, including a minimum monthly salary of 50,000 drams ($105) to be raised to 55,000 drams ($116) from July 1, 2015. However, the employer is not required to ensure the same level of compensation for local and foreign workers in comparable positions. Employee insurance is [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:28+04:00 February 4th, 2015|Uncategorized|Comments Off on Minimum benefits for foreign employees

Visa Processing Time

Visas for nationals of certain countries can be issued only by Armenian consulates abroad. Wait times for visa appointments vary and normally take several days. Temporary and permanent residence permits are issued 30 days after the petition.

By | 2015-02-03T08:13:15+04:00 February 3rd, 2015|Immigration|Comments Off on Visa Processing Time

Maximum Periods of Stay in Armenia

Ordinary business visas in Armenia are issued for a period of up to 120 days, extendable by another 60 days. Temporary residence permits are issued for 1 year and are renewable. Permanent residence cards are valid for 5 years. Foreigners holding residence cards for more than 3 years may be eligible for naturalization.

By | 2015-02-02T14:09:00+04:00 February 2nd, 2015|Immigration|Comments Off on Maximum Periods of Stay in Armenia

Procedures for obtaining immigration permissions

Unless a foreign individual is exempted from work permit requirements, the employer must first obtain a work permit by applying to the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs (MLSA) of Armenia. The migrant must then apply for a temporary residence permit in order to be granted the permission to live and work in Armenia. The process [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:29+04:00 November 28th, 2014|Immigration|Comments Off on Procedures for obtaining immigration permissions

Immigration permits for transferring staff

Generally a holder of an Armenian visa is not entitled to work in Armenia unless s/he also holds a work permit. Highly skilled foreign specialists, business owners, executives and certain other categories of workers are exempt from work permit requirements. The transfer of staff (skilled or non-qualified) is subject to obtaining both a work permit and [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:29+04:00 November 27th, 2014|Immigration|Comments Off on Immigration permits for transferring staff

Transit visas in Armenia

People transiting Armenia do not require a visitor visa if they are stopping off at an Armenian airport on their way to another country, staying in Armenia for less than 48 hours, and not leaving the transit area of the airport. These individuals do not enter Armenia nor do they pass through immigration control. A [...]

By | 2014-11-26T11:16:32+04:00 November 26th, 2014|Immigration|Comments Off on Transit visas in Armenia

Work permits for giving or receiving short-term training

Armenian immigration law does not contain specific regulations for giving or receiving short-term training. Work permit may be required if payment or benefit is received while in Armenia. An individual may enter Armenia as a business visitor for the purpose of providing short-term training under certain circumstances, such as providing training for up to 6 [...]

By | 2014-11-25T14:32:55+04:00 November 25th, 2014|Immigration|Comments Off on Work permits for giving or receiving short-term training

Restrictions on Business Visitors

A business visitor cannot undertake work activities while in Armenia, unless these activities are exempted from work permit requirements. Permitted activities during a business trip include meetings, interviews, discussions, negotiations, exploring business opportunities, attending conferences, conducting site visits, taking orders or purchasing goods or services. Payment by an Armenian entity of salary or other remuneration [...]

By | 2014-11-24T06:50:17+04:00 November 24th, 2014|Immigration|Comments Off on Restrictions on Business Visitors

Visa Requirements for Short-Term Business Travelers

Visa requirements for entering Armenia vary greatly between different nationalities. Visa exempt nationals (EU/EFTA and CIS) may travel to Armenia for periods of up to 180 days. Other nationals can enter Armenia and obtain a visa at port of arrival. Visa fees range from $7 to $100 for a 120-day multiple entry visa. Visas can [...]

By | 2014-11-21T13:23:26+04:00 November 21st, 2014|Immigration|Comments Off on Visa Requirements for Short-Term Business Travelers

Free Movement of Armenian Workers in Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan

Starting from January 1, 2015 Armenia will join the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), which provides for a common market and free movement of workers among the member states (Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia). It is worth noting that these privileges do not apply to foreigners who hold a residence permit in Armenia. Such residents shall [...]

By | 2014-11-20T16:00:59+04:00 November 20th, 2014|Immigration|Comments Off on Free Movement of Armenian Workers in Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan

Exemptions from Work Permit Requirements in Armenia

Expatriate workers in Armenia shall possess an individual work permit issued my the Ministry of Social Affairs. This requirement does not apply to the following categories of foreigners: Holders of permanent or special residency permits; Holders of temporary residency permits if such a temporary residence permit is issued on the basis of being a family member of [...]

By | 2014-11-19T11:06:12+04:00 November 19th, 2014|Immigration|Comments Off on Exemptions from Work Permit Requirements in Armenia

Moment of Creation of VAT Liability

For purposes of VAT the moment of supply of goods (provision of services) is the moment when the goods were delivered or transferred to the buyers or when the services were provided to the customers. Art. 31 of the Law on VAT. The Court of Cassation held that VAT liability is created at the moment when the [...]

By | 2014-11-01T14:06:43+04:00 November 1st, 2014|Taxation, VAT|Comments Off on Moment of Creation of VAT Liability

Taxpayers’ Rights Cannot Be Restricted by Secondary Legislation

In Armenia only the legislative acts of the Parliament may restrict the rights and freedoms of individuals and legal entities, impose obligations, define penalties, impose taxes, including the rate and the order of payment. Art. 9 of the Law on Legal Acts. Legal acts of lower force, including instructions of the tax authorities, may not [...]

By | 2014-10-31T08:29:53+04:00 October 31st, 2014|Taxation, VAT|Comments Off on Taxpayers’ Rights Cannot Be Restricted by Secondary Legislation

VAT Taxation of Agency Services

For VAT purposes the following services are deemed to be provided in Armenia if the recipient of services is registered in Armenia (art. 14 of the Law on VAT): Consulting Legal Accounting Expert Translation Engineering Data processing Software Financial Other similar services Agency services are not considered to be a separate type of services but [...]

By | 2014-10-30T07:36:43+04:00 October 30th, 2014|Uncategorized|Comments Off on VAT Taxation of Agency Services

Zero Rate VAT for Processing Services

In Armenia zero rate VAT applies, among other things, to re-exported goods and to processing, assembly, renovation, modernization and similar services performed on goods to be exported from Armenia. Article 16(7) of the Law on VAT. The Court of Cassation held that this provision does not apply to services for sorting diamonds, i.e. sorting them in accordance with [...]

By | 2014-10-29T08:48:08+04:00 October 29th, 2014|Taxation, VAT|Comments Off on Zero Rate VAT for Processing Services

Taxation of Expropriation

According to the Armenian Law on Alienation of Property for Public and State Needs, financial obligations arising from the transfer of property, in particular tax liabilities, shall be compensated by the acquirer. Furthermore, alienation of property in the interest of the public shall not cause unreasonable harm to the owner. Based on the foregoing, the Court [...]

By | 2014-10-28T08:29:52+04:00 October 28th, 2014|Taxation, VAT|Comments Off on Taxation of Expropriation

Deduction of input VAT and VAT refund

Taxpayers deduct from the VAT imposed on the taxable turnover (output VAT) the VAT which was paid to the suppliers for acquired  goods and services (input VAT). Art. 23 of the Law on VAT. The deduction is allowed if: The goods (services) were acquired for manufacturing or other commercial purposes, The amount of VAT is [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:29+04:00 October 27th, 2014|VAT|Comments Off on Deduction of input VAT and VAT refund

VAT on Gifts, Discounts and Deals

Gratuitous or partially compensated transactions in Armenia are subject to full VAT taxation based on the real (market) value of the goods and services provided. Article 6(3) of the Law on VAT. If the goods (services) are sold at a price which is substantially lower than the normal price, the transaction shall be treated as a partially compensated (or [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:29+04:00 October 23rd, 2014|VAT @hy|Comments Off on VAT on Gifts, Discounts and Deals

VAT on Gifts, Discounts and Deals

Gratuitous or partially compensated transactions in Armenia are subject to full VAT taxation based on the real (market) value of the goods and services provided. Article 6(3) of the Law on VAT. If the goods (services) are sold at a price which is substantially lower than the normal price, the transaction shall be treated as a partially compensated (or [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:29+04:00 October 23rd, 2014|VAT @ru|Comments Off on VAT on Gifts, Discounts and Deals

VAT on Gifts, Discounts and Deals

Gratuitous or partially compensated transactions in Armenia are subject to full VAT taxation based on the real (market) value of the goods and services provided. Article 6(3) of the Law on VAT. If the goods (services) are sold at a price which is substantially lower than the normal price, the transaction shall be treated as a partially compensated (or [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:29+04:00 October 23rd, 2014|VAT|Comments Off on VAT on Gifts, Discounts and Deals

New tax credit for mortgage interest

During a meeting on business environment improvement on September 3, 2014, the Prime Minister approved a proposal to amend the Law on Income Tax to allow for a refund of income taxes paid by taxpayers who take a mortgage loan. Income tax paid by individual taxpayers (including through withholding agents) will be refunded to the [...]

By | 2014-10-14T16:36:29+04:00 October 14th, 2014|Taxation|Comments Off on New tax credit for mortgage interest

Amendments to the Law on VAT

The Ministry of Finance initiated amendments to the Law on VAT to allow taxpayers to deduct the input VAT even if the payment for goods or services is deferred, provided that other conditions of deductibility are met. This amendment is expected to become effective on January 1, 2015 and its application will first extend to [...]

By | 2014-10-14T16:31:05+04:00 October 14th, 2014|Taxation|Comments Off on Amendments to the Law on VAT

Tax Liens

On August 28, 2014, the Government approved amendments to the Law on Taxes introducing the concept of tax lien (restriction). The priority of the tax lien vis-à-vis the secured interests of other creditors will be determined by the time of its filing with the registry of movable property and may extend to bank accounts and [...]

By | 2014-10-14T16:26:27+04:00 October 14th, 2014|Taxation|Comments Off on Tax Liens

New Anti-Money Laundering Law in Armenia

On June 21 the National Assembly passed a new Law on Money Laundering and Terrorist Financing which provides for mandatory reporting of cash transactions in the amount of AMD 5 million (around USD 12,200) or more. Issuance and servicing of bearer securities and payment instruments will be prohibited. The law also provides for new documentation [...]

By | 2014-08-23T11:51:15+04:00 July 17th, 2014|Business Law|Comments Off on New Anti-Money Laundering Law in Armenia

Elimination of Audit Requirements for Large Companies

The Government of Armenia approved amendments to the law on accounting, which exempt large organizations (defined as those with assets or annual turnover exceeding AMD 1 billion) from mandatory audit of annual accounts.  

By | 2014-08-23T11:51:07+04:00 June 16th, 2014|Business Law|Comments Off on Elimination of Audit Requirements for Large Companies

Elimination of Excise Tax on Imported Cars

The Government of Armenia approved amendments to the law on excise tax, which exempt the import of luxury cars from 20% excise tax. Luxury cars are defined as those with customs value exceeding AMD 25 million or those aged 2 years and less with engine capacity exceeding 4,500 cc.

By | 2014-08-23T11:51:03+04:00 June 16th, 2014|Taxation|Comments Off on Elimination of Excise Tax on Imported Cars

Use of Fiscal Stamps in Armenia will be Extended

The National Assembly of Armenia passed a law extending the list of goods the sale or import of which require the use of fiscal stamps. In particular, fiscal stamps will be mandatory for the  following packaged or bottled goods: milk; cream; yogurt; ice cream; coffee; tea; vegetable oil; canned meat, fish, fruits and vegetables; vinegar; [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:30+04:00 June 16th, 2014|Taxation|Comments Off on Use of Fiscal Stamps in Armenia will be Extended

Attachment of bank accounts will be streamlined

On February 20th the Government approved a draft amendment to the Law on Taxes regarding attachment of bank accounts by tax authorities. The amendment clarifies that funds on a bank account shall be blocked only to the extent of assessed tax liabilities. It also prevents unnecessary attachment of multiple accounts held by the taxpayer in [...]

By | 2014-08-23T11:50:49+04:00 April 14th, 2014|Taxation|Comments Off on Attachment of bank accounts will be streamlined

Law on Funded Pensions held unconstitutional

On April 2, 2014, the Constitutional Court of Armenia held unconstitutional a number of provisions of the Law on Funded Pensions. It was established, in particular, that the Law violates the right to freely own, use and dispose of the property. The Court did not invalidate the Law immediately but set a deadline of September [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:30+04:00 April 14th, 2014|Taxation|Comments Off on Law on Funded Pensions held unconstitutional

Tax treatment of stock and asset acquisitions

Armenian companies are subject to income (profit) tax and value added tax (VAT). Companies possess a fiscal identity separate from that of shareholders. In case of stock acquisition the book value of the assets and liabilities of the target company remains unchanged. The acquirer will inherit all historic tax liabilities but also tax loss carryovers. [...]

By | 2014-08-23T11:50:37+04:00 January 22nd, 2014|Taxation|Comments Off on Tax treatment of stock and asset acquisitions

Company formation laws and agencies

All companies in Armenia must register with the State Registry, which is a special agency under the Ministry of Justice. The company formation and company structures are governed by the Civil Code of Armenia. Further entity-specific laws apply to limited liability companies and joint-stock companies (private or public). The Law on State Registration of Legal Entities [...]

By | 2014-08-23T11:50:31+04:00 January 17th, 2014|Incorporation|Comments Off on Company formation laws and agencies

Famous foreign trademarks in Armenia

A famous foreign trademark is not afforded protection if it has not been used domestically in Armenia. Such protection is only available where the foreign trademark has become well-known (widely recognized) among the relevant public in Armenia through its actual use. Furthermore, the law requires the Armenian Intellectual Property Agency (AIPA) to maintain a separate [...]

By | 2014-08-23T11:50:26+04:00 January 7th, 2014|Trademarks|Comments Off on Famous foreign trademarks in Armenia

ADR techniques in trademark disputes

ADR techniques, such as mediation and arbitration, are available in Armenia, although not commonly used. This may be because court proceedings in Armenia are, in general, much less costly than in developed countries. Practically all trademark disputes, except for criminal and administrative cases, can be arbitrated. Arbitration is usually based on an arbitration clause contained in [...]

By | 2014-08-23T11:50:26+04:00 January 6th, 2014|Trademarks|Comments Off on ADR techniques in trademark disputes

Remedies for trademark infringement in Armenia

The remedies available to a prevailing plaintiff can include monetary damages, injunction against future infringement, erasure of the infringing sign, seizure and destruction of the infringing goods, and publication of the judgment at the defendant’s expense. The court may also award reasonable attorney’s fees. Criminal remedies are typically pursued separately. Injunctive relief is available to [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:30+04:00 December 16th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Remedies for trademark infringement in Armenia

Defenses available in Armenia to a charge of trademark infringement

In trademark infringement proceedings in Armenia numerous defenses are available, and depend on the specific facts in question. Generally they can be grouped into four categories. 1.    Non-infringement The defendant may argue that no infringement took place, in particular: The sign complained of is not identical or similar to the plaintiff’s trademark; The goods/services on [...]

By | 2014-08-23T11:50:03+04:00 December 3rd, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Defenses available in Armenia to a charge of trademark infringement

Appeals in trademark litigation in Armenia

There is only one avenue of appeal in civil actions (trademark infringement and dilution) in Armenia, namely from the court of general jurisdiction to the Court of Appeals, and thereafter to the Court of Cassation. Preliminary injunctions and other provisional remedies are not subject to appeal. The appeal shall be filed within one month of [...]

By | 2014-08-23T11:49:57+04:00 November 27th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Appeals in trademark litigation in Armenia

Trademark litigation costs in Armenia

The trademark litigation costs in Armenia vary and depend, among other things, on the appointed counsel and the complexity of the case, i.e. the documentation needed, witness statements and expert opinions required, translation costs, marketing reports, market surveys, and whether the trademark owner seeks preliminary injunction or other provisional remedies. Overall, the costs of litigation [...]

By | 2014-08-23T11:49:50+04:00 November 26th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Trademark litigation costs in Armenia

Time frame for trademark infringement action in Armenia

All trademark infringement or dilution proceedings vary in length depending on the workload of the courts, the complexity of the facts and legal questions raised, the documentation needed, procedural difficulties, appeals, etc. On average it takes seven to nine months for a judgment to be issued, if no expert opinion is needed. The first hearing [...]

By | 2014-08-23T11:49:44+04:00 November 22nd, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Time frame for trademark infringement action in Armenia

Obtaining evidence in trademark infringement cases in Armenia

Armenian procedural law does not provide for full discovery, but in pending trademark infringement actions courts may generally order evidence disclosure measures upon request of a party, such as disclosure of documents and inspection of objects. Such orders are directed against either an adverse party or a third party, including government entities. In proceedings on [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:30+04:00 November 20th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Obtaining evidence in trademark infringement cases in Armenia

Trademark infringement outside Armenia

The general rule is that activities that take place outside the country of registration cannot support a charge of infringement or dilution. Thus, any infringement that takes place in a foreign country, even in a neighboring country, cannot be prevented on the basis of an Armenian trademark. Import and export of products (but not transit) [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:30+04:00 November 19th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Trademark infringement outside Armenia

Standing for bringing trademark violation action in Armenia

A trademark infringement action may be brought by the owner of (or applicant for) the infringed trademark. A licensee may bring an infringement action only if the trademark owner consents thereto unless the license agreement provides otherwise. Exclusive licensees are entitled to proceed independently if the trademark owner does not take action within a reasonable [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:30+04:00 November 18th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Standing for bringing trademark violation action in Armenia

Burden of proof to establish trademark infringement in Armenia

There is a general rule that the plaintiff needs to prove all facts that support his claim, whereas the defendant will have to prove all those facts that serve to defend his position. Accordingly, the plaintiff must prove that it is the rightful owner (or licensee) of a valid trademark; if the trademark is registered, [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:31+04:00 November 15th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Burden of proof to establish trademark infringement in Armenia

Trademark infringement proceedings in Armenia

Court proceedings for trademark infringement in Armenia are typically initiated by filing a written statement of claim with the court of general jurisdiction. The venue is determined by the place of residence of the defendant. Once served the defendant is requested to file a statement of defense. The parties must allege the facts relevant to [...]

By | 2014-08-23T11:49:09+04:00 November 14th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Trademark infringement proceedings in Armenia

Trademark enforcement proceedings in Armenia

Trademark enforcement and infringement actions in Armenia must be initiated before the courts of general jurisdiction. There are no specialized courts or tribunals to hear such cases. Appeals against the decisions of the courts of general jurisdiction may be brought before the Court of Appeals and further before the Court of Cassation. The owner of [...]

By | 2014-01-07T11:26:04+04:00 November 11th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Trademark enforcement proceedings in Armenia

Trademark marking in Armenia

Owners of a trademark may use the ® symbol to indicate that the mark concerned has been registered with the Armenian Intellectual Property Agency (AIPA) or to use the phrase “registered mark” (art. 12 of the Armenian Law on Trademarks). The benefit of using such a symbol is that it signals immediately that such trademark [...]

By | 2014-01-07T11:23:29+04:00 November 9th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Trademark marking in Armenia

Security interests over trademarks in Armenia

Security interests (collateral rights) over trademarks are recognized by Armenian law. The right conferred by a trademark (or trademark application) may be given as a security or may be levied in execution (art. 28 of the Law on Trademarks). Security interests must be contained in a written agreement signed by the parties and specifying the [...]

By | 2014-01-07T11:19:52+04:00 November 8th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Security interests over trademarks in Armenia

Validity of trademark assignment in Armenia

Assignment of a trademark in Armenia shall be in writing and be registered with the Armenian Intellectual Property Agency (AIPA) in order to be valid (art. 1175 of the Civil Code of Armenia). Thus, failure to register will make the assignment unenforceable not only against innocent third parties but also the assignor and the assignee. [...]

By | 2014-01-07T11:17:47+04:00 November 7th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Validity of trademark assignment in Armenia

Assignment documentation for Armenian trademarks

Assignments are registered with the Armenian Intellectual Property Agency (AIPA). To register the assignment it is necessary to provide the AIPA with the assignment document which must be in writing and be signed by the assignor (previous owner) to be valid. No notarization or legalization is required. The document should state clearly who the parties [...]

By | 2014-01-07T11:15:56+04:00 November 6th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Assignment documentation for Armenian trademarks

Trademark assignment in Armenia

The right conferred by the registration of or application for a trademark may be transferred or assigned to another person in respect of some or all of the goods or services for which the trademark is protected. To be valid and enforceable against third parties the assignment shall be recorded with the Armenian Intellectual Property [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:31+04:00 November 5th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Trademark assignment in Armenia

Trademark licenses in Armenia

To be valid and enforceable against third parties a license agreement shall be recorded with the Armenian Intellectual Property Agency (AIPA). It is possible to specify in the recordal that the license is an exclusive, a sole, or a non-exclusive license, as well as to specify that the license is a partial one having effect [...]

By | 2014-01-07T11:11:33+04:00 November 4th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Trademark licenses in Armenia

Benefits of trademark registration in Armenia

Registration confers on the owner the exclusive right to use the trademark, to dispose of it and to prevent others from using and registering an identical trademark or a confusingly similar trademark for identical or similar goods or services. The general rule is that only the filing of a trademark gives the owner trademark rights. [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:31+04:00 November 1st, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Benefits of trademark registration in Armenia

Duration and maintenance of registration of trademarks in Armenia

A trademark registered in Armenia remains in effect for 10 years starting with the date of filing the application. At the end of this period it may be renewed for further 10-year periods. In order to maintain the registration, official fees (currently around $300 for a trademark in one class) have to be paid to [...]

By | 2014-01-07T11:02:08+04:00 October 30th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Duration and maintenance of registration of trademarks in Armenia

Third-party opposition to trademark registration in Armenia

Once a trademark application is accepted, it is published online in the Official Journal (http://aipa.am/en/trademark-applications/) for a two-month opposition period. The most common ground for opposing a trademark is prior rights when the opponent owns an earlier mark that it considers the same as, or similar to, the applicant’s. The opposition may be based on [...]

By | 2014-01-07T10:58:36+04:00 October 29th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Third-party opposition to trademark registration in Armenia

Appealing a denied trademark application in Armenia

If any objections are raised by the Armenian Intellectual Property Agency (AIPA) at examination stage, the applicant will have the opportunity to persuade the examiner that the objections are not valid. If the objections relate to the goods and services listed in the specification, the applicant will be given the chance to make amendments to [...]

By | 2014-08-01T13:53:54+04:00 October 28th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Appealing a denied trademark application in Armenia

Use of trademark before and after registration in Armenia

Applications can be made either for trademarks that are already in use or for trademarks that are not yet in use. There is no need to submit any proof of use/intent of use of a trademark even upon renewal. There is an exception, however, where proof needs to be submitted to overcome absolute grounds for [...]

By | 2014-08-01T13:53:03+04:00 October 26th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Use of trademark before and after registration in Armenia

Trademark examination procedure in Armenia

Upon application the Armenian Intellectual Property Agency (AIPA) acknowledges receipt of the application detailing the trademark and the applicant’s name. Within one month following the application the AIPA examines the formalities (e.g. the correct classification). If no irregularities are found, the application will be published in the Official Journal for a two-month opposition period. The [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:31+04:00 October 25th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Trademark examination procedure in Armenia

Trademark classification system in Armenia

When applying for a trademark, the applicant will need to provide a list of the goods and/or services for which the mark is intended to be used. The registration system in Armenia is based on an internationally agreed system of classes called the Nice International Classification System (45 classes, comprising 34 for goods and 11 [...]

By | 2014-08-01T13:51:19+04:00 October 23rd, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Trademark classification system in Armenia

Trademark registration time frame and cost in Armenia

A trademark application filed with the Armenian Intellectual Property Agency (AIPA) usually takes about eight months to reach registration, provided no objections are encountered.  Official government fees for trademark registration start from US$72 in one class of goods or services. Extra costs may arise for further classes or in the case of complications (objections, appeals [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:31+04:00 October 22nd, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Trademark registration time frame and cost in Armenia

Protection of unregistered trademarks in Armenia

Although it is recommended that trademarks be registered in Armenia, trademark rights may be established without registration through the actual use of a sign in the course of trade insofar as the sign has become well-known among the relevant public in Armenia. Such signs acquire protection not by means of being registered but through the [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:31+04:00 October 21st, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Protection of unregistered trademarks in Armenia

What may be registered as a trademark in Armenia?

Trademark protection in Armenia is extended to any mark used to distinguish goods and services and that may be graphically presented. A trademark can, for example, consist of letters, numerals, words, including personal names and company names, building names, word combinations, slogans, logos, pictures, drawings, holograms, arrangement of colors, symbols, or combinations of one or [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:31+04:00 October 15th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on What may be registered as a trademark in Armenia?

Trademark applications in Armenia

Any natural and legal person may apply for and own trademarks in Armenia, including non for profit organizations. It is not required for natural persons to be registered as individual entrepreneurs. There are no Armenian residency or citizenship requirements for the applicants. Foreigners enjoy the same legal regime as Armenian residents subject to a reciprocity [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:31+04:00 October 12th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Trademark applications in Armenia

Licensing of Intellectual Property Rights and Technology Transfer under Armenian Law

The importance of an effective and enforceable system of intellectual property laws and institutions has been acknowledged by the Armenian government and the society at large. A number of legal and institutional reforms have been initiated recently with a view to improving the system of intellectual property rights and enhancing the trade and investment environment [...]

By | 2017-01-30T13:26:31+04:00 February 18th, 2013|Trademarks|Comments Off on Licensing of Intellectual Property Rights and Technology Transfer under Armenian Law

Armenia Immigration: Visa, Residence & Citizenship

Armenia has a very liberal immigration policy favoring free movement of persons and business immigration. Immigrating to Armenia is a fast and relatively low cost procedure. Immigrants are not required to make large investments, purchase real property, obtain health insurance, speak Armenian etc. Nationals of EU/EFTA countries and former USSR countries can [...]

By | 2017-09-18T07:40:15+04:00 June 11th, 2012|Immigration|Comments Off on Armenia Immigration: Visa, Residence & Citizenship

Court System in Armenia

Armenian Court System Armenian judicial system has undergone various reforms in recent years and currently comprises four tiers: First instance courts Courts of Appeal Court of Cassation Constitutional Court The first tier is represented by two types of courts: courts of general jurisdiction and the Administrative Court. The latter has jurisdiction primarily over cases involving [...]

By | 2017-01-30T08:20:46+04:00 April 11th, 2012|Litigation|Comments Off on Court System in Armenia