[email protected] | +374. | WhatsApp | Skype | Viber | Telegrama

Citizenship by Investment in Armenia

The Armenian Citizenship Law was amended on July 7, 2022, allowing foreigners to obtain citizenship through a significant economic, cultural, or athletic contribution. The law exempts applicants from standard naturalization requirements. The Cabinet of Ministers will determine evaluation criteria, with a draft decision suggesting various ways to make a significant contribution, such as donations, investments, work experience, cultural promotion, or holding scientific titles in healthcare.

Why an Armenian Passport Deserves Your Attention 

Dual Citizenship

Armenia explicitly allows dual citizenship, keeping your original nationality.

Viajes sin visa

Armenian passport grants visa-free access to 65 countries, incl. Russia, China, Iran.

Fast & Simple

Acquiring Armenian passport takes under 4 months, with minimum documents required.  

Easy Release

Renouncing Armenian citizenship is simple, provided no government debts or obligations exist.


WHAT IS THE LEGAL BASIS of Armenia's Citizenship by investment program?

Since Nov. 28, 1995, Armenia's Ley de ciudadanía (Official Gazette of the Parliament 1995/8) has allowed the government to grant citizenship to individuals who have provided "exceptional services" to the Republic of Armenia. This article has been amended several times, with the latest amendment made on July 7, 2022 (effective from July 29, 2022), introducing an additional basis to acquire Armenian citizenship based on "significant contributions" in the fields of economy, science, education, culture, healthcare, and sports. Article 13 exempts applicants from normally applicable naturalization requirements, such as knowledge of Constitution or Armenian language, and residence in Armenia.

What is the current state of the program?

Although the "citizenship by exception" option has been available since 1995, the Cabinet of Ministers has yet to confirm the criteria for assessing "significant contributions" in fields of economy, science, education, culture, healthcare, and sports. The deadline for enacting the implementing decree has already passed in January 2023, and it is currently unclear when it will be adopted by the Cabinet of Ministers.

It is likely that the delay is due to the need to refine the text of the implementing decree, as the initial draft published on October 12, 2022, has been criticized and used by the political opposition to accuse the government of endangering national security. On October 19, 2022, Deputy Police Chief Ara Fidanyan Anunciado that there will be a limit or quota on the number of citizenships granted under the program and that the program will be subject to further regulation to address national security and anti-money laundering concerns.

What Does the Law state Exactly?

Below is the text of article 13 (paragraphs 4 and 9) of the Ley de ciudadanía as amended by the Armenian Parliament on July 7, 2022:

"Citizenship of the Republic of Armenia can be granted to those who have provided exceptional services to the Republic of Armenia, as well as to persons with a significant contribution in the areas of economy, science, education, culture, healthcare, athletics, without the need to comply with sub-paragraphs 1, 2, and 3 of the first paragraph or the second paragraph of this article. The description and criteria for assessing significant contribution in the areas of economy, science, education, culture, healthcare, athletics shall be defined by a decision of the Government of the Republic of Armenia."

"Persons who have received citizenship of the Republic of Armenia under paragraph 4 of this article must appear before the authorized body of the Government of the Republic of Armenia to participate in the oath ceremony and receive a passport of a citizen of the Republic of Armenia."

It is likely that this means successful applicants will have to travel to Armenia and obtain their passport from the Immigration Office (Ministry of Internal Affairs).

The last article of the July 7, 2022 amendment stipulates the following:

"This law shall take effect on the tenth day following its official publication, and the sub-legislative act referred to in article 1 of this law shall be enacted within six months after the entry into force of this law."

What are the Requirements to acquire Armenian citizenship by INvestment?

The Cabinet of Ministers has not yet adopted the criteria for assessing "significant contribution" in the fields of economy, science, education, culture, healthcare, and sports. However, a proyecto de decisión published on October 12, 2022, provides an idea of what the government may consider as significant contributions. The following criteria were suggested in the draft:

  • Donation of $150,000 to a scientific or educational foundation
  • Investment of $100,000 in an IT company or venture fund
  • Investment of $150,000 in a company and holding the investment for 10 years
  • Purchase of $150,000 worth of government bonds and holding the investment for 7 years
  • Purchase of $150,000 worth of real estate and holding the investment for 10 years
  • 20+ years of work experience in a publicly traded IT company
  • 10+ years of work experience in science and authoring 5+ scientific articles
  • Engagement in dissemination and preservation of Armenian culture, heritage, and identity
  • Scientific title of docent or professor in the area of healthcare.

It is important to note that these criteria are still in draft form and subject to change. The final criteria will be defined by a decision of the Cabinet of Ministers.

What Does the draft Implementing Decree say exactly?

Below is the text of the draft decision published on October 12, 2022.

Draft decision of the Government of the Republic of Armenia on determining the description and evaluation criteria of a significant contribution in areas of economy, science, education, culture, healthcare, sports.

Annex 1. Description and evaluation criteria of a significant contribution in the area of economy

Los siguientes son la descripción y criterios de evaluación de una contribución significativa en el área de economía:

  • Gratuitously providing funds of at least USD 150,000 to contribute to the endowment of a foundation established to operate in areas of education or science.
  • Investing in the capital (acquisition of shares) of a company in the amount of at least USD 150,000 for a period of at least 10 years.
  • Purchasing government bonds in the amount of at least USD 150,000 for a period of at least 7 years.
  • Purchasing real estate in the amount of at least USD 150,000 for a period of at least 10 years at the cadastral value approximated to the market value of the real property.
  • Investing in any government-approved investment fund in the amount of at least USD 150,000 for a period of at least 10 years.
  • Establishing a company operating in the area of high and/or information technologies with a capital of at least USD 1 million, provided that the founder's center of vital interests is located in Armenia.
  • Establishing a branch office of a foreign information technologies company in Armenia with a capital of at least USD 100 million and at least 500 employees in Armenia.
  • Establishing a venture fund in Armenia with a capital of at least USD 80 million.
  • Financial investment of at least USD 100,000 in a company operating in the area of information technologies or a venture fund.
  • Having 20 or more years of work experience in high and/or information technology companies listed on the New York, Frankfurt, or London stock exchanges.
  • Long-term (not less than 5 years) active work in the international structures of the postal sector, as well as making financial, material, and technical investments in the field of at least USD 250,000.

Annex 2. Description and evaluation criteria of a significant contribution in the areas of science, education, culture, sports

Los siguientes son la descripción y criterios de evaluación de una contribución significativa en las áreas de la ciencia, la educación, la cultura, el deporte:

  • Having at least 10 years of scientific or scientific-technical work experience, a scientific degree, an invention patent, or national awards or honorary degrees in the field of science. Additionally, being the author or co-author of at least five scientific articles published in authoritative international scientific information databases during the last ten years.
  • Making a significant contribution to the dissemination and development of Armenian culture, having long-term active cooperation with Armenian figures or organizations of culture and art, significant participation in the preservation of Armenian culture, public and charitable activities, international recognition and reputation of the applicant that can be used to strengthen the international position and popularize Armenian culture.
  • Taking an active part in the development of Armenology, philanthropy, and long-term activities aimed at preserving Armenianness, winning prizes in world prestigious competitions or festivals, carrying out innovative-experimental projects with substantial results, contributing to the preservation of Armenianness, or acting for the benefit of Armenia.

Annex 3. Description and evaluation criteria of a significant contribution in the area of healthcare

Los siguientes son la descripción y criterios de evaluación de una contribución significativa en el área de la salud:

  • Having a scientific title of docent or professor in the field of healthcare, or being awarded a national award or medal for active charitable activities, as well as other outstanding services in the area of healthcare.
  • Providing medical assistance and services in the medical organizations of Armenia or Artsakh during times of war.

Can I Apply for Armenian citizenship now?

As the Cabinet of Ministers has not yet approved the criteria for assessing "significant contributions," it is currently not possible to apply for citizenship based on such a contribution.

However, it is still possible to apply for citizenship based on the "exceptional services" provision of the 1995 Citizenship Law. Citizenship by exception is granted in an expedited manner (usually within 2-3 months), as the Prime Minister's office can directly present candidates to the President. Each case is considered on its individual merits, taking into account factors such as the size of investment and/or charitable contributions, job creation, tax payments, the applicant's nationality, ties to the country, and more.

The Ultimate Guide to Acquiring Armenian Citizenship

#1. Benefits and Advantages of Armenian Citizenship

The Citizenship Law of Armenia allows for dual citizenship, and obtaining an Armenian passport can provide a number of benefits such as having a valuable travel document and enjoying preferential treatment in Russia and other EAEU countries. This can also serve as a "insurance policy" in case of worsening economic or political situations in one's home country, as well as providing opportunities for owning land in Armenia and government assistance such as education and medical treatment. The process of acquiring an Armenian passport is fast and easy, and children of Armenian citizens can also acquire citizenship regardless of their place of birth or residence. 

  1. Dual Citizenship Permitted. Armenia has expressly allowed dual citizenship for its citizens, meaning that it is possible to hold more than one passport at the same time.
  2. Valuable Travel Document. As of 2023, the Armenian passport ranks 80th according to Índice de pasaportes de Henley & Partners, y permite viajar sin visa a 65 países, incluidos lugares con acceso limitado a ciudadanos de países occidentales, como Rusia, China, Irán, Uzbekistán y otros. Los países de la UE/Schengen todavía tienen un régimen de visas con Armenia, pero es posible que viajar sin visa sea posible en unos pocos años. Estados Unidos ofrece visas B de 10 años a ciudadanos armenios, así como visas de negocios E-2.
  3. Increased Freedom and Opportunities. Holding a second passport can provide you with more freedom and opportunities, and can serve as a valuable "insurance policy." Armenia is known for its safety and low crime rates. If the economic or political situation in your home country deteriorates, having an Armenian passport can allow you and your family to temporarily or permanently move to Armenia. Additionally, a second passport can help you avoid problems arising from your country's foreign policies and domestic regulations, such as banking difficulties or increased tax burdens. It can also be useful for privacy or in situations where your first passport is expired, lost, or confiscated. Lastly, a second passport is necessary if you ever decide to renounce your current citizenship.
  4. Citizenship Transfers to Future Generations. After acquiring Armenian citizenship, your minor children can automatically receive Armenian passports, and your spouse may become eligible to apply for citizenship. According to Armenian law, a child born to an Armenian father or mother can easily acquire Armenian citizenship, regardless of their place of birth or residence. In other words, your children and grandchildren will be eligible to obtain Armenian passports even if they do not live in Armenia.
  5. Preferential Treatment in EAEU Countries. Because of the free movement of labor in EAEU countries (Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia), citizens of Armenia are exempt from work permit requirements and can take advantage of preferential treatment in areas of labor law, social protection, medical treatment, taxation, immigration, and more.
  6. Quick, Simple, and Inexpensive Naturalization Process. The process of acquiring an Armenian passport typically takes about four months. Once your application is approved, you can receive your Armenian passport and national ID in a matter of days. Minimal documents are required, and police certificates, proof of address, and tax returns are not necessary. Government fees are also low, even when using optional fast-track services.
  7. Land Ownership. As an Armenian citizen, you have the privilege of owning agricultural, forest, and other types of land in Armenia, which is generally not available to foreigners.
  8. Government Support. Armenia offers a range of social programs for its citizens, including government-financed education and medical treatment, welfare benefits for the elderly, disabled, and other classes of socially vulnerable people.
  9. Tax Benefits. Obtaining an Armenian passport and establishing stronger ties with Armenia could qualify you for non-resident status in your home country or other countries and provide access to tax benefits available to non-residents. You can obtain documents such as a proof of registered address in Armenia, social security number, taxpayer identification number, and tax residency certificate, among others.
  10. Easy Renunciation. If you ever decide to give up your Armenian citizenship, it is easy to do so as long as you have no outstanding debts or obligations to the government.

#2. Citizenship by Ethnicity (Armenian Ancestry). Establishing Armenian origin

While ethnic Armenians are exempt from meeting language or residency requirements for Armenian citizenship, certain formal requirements must be met to establish Armenian origin. An Armenian name or fluency in the language is insufficient. You must produce a document proving that you, your parent, or grandparent are of Armenian ethnicity. The most common way to do this is by presenting a baptism certificate from a church organization that confirms Armenian ethnicity. In some countries, government-issued documents such as birth certificates or family records may also indicate Armenian ethnicity. A list of accepted churches whose baptism certificates are recognized by the government is available in Annex 4 to Government Decree No. 1390/2007 (in Armenian). If it is uncertain whether your church is on the approved list of church organizations, you may need to obtain a confirmation letter from one of the following authorities: the Mother See of Holy Etchmiadzin, Holy See of Cilicia, Armenian Evangelical Church, or Armenian Catholic Church.

While the Armenian law does not provide a complete list of documents to prove Armenian origin, it is crucial that the document is legalized by the Armenian embassy/consulate in the issuing country. For example, if a baptism certificate is used to establish Armenian origin it needs to be certified by the Armenian embassy before applying for citizenship. A certified copy of your birth certificate in Armenian will also be required.

According to article 47 of the 2015 Constitution, ethnic Armenians can obtain citizenship upon moving to Armenia. Suggested amendments to the Citizenship Law were recently published by the National Security Service (NSS) that may make it more difficult for ethnic Armenians to apply for citizenship. The NSS recommends restricting eligibility to those with a permiso de residencia, but it is uncertain if/when these changes will be approved. To take advantage of current, more liberal regulations, it is advisable to proceed with the petition promptly.

#3. Citizenship for spouses and Parents

Spouses of Armenian citizens may apply for citizenship if they meet two criteria: the marriage must be registered for at least two years and they must have resided in Armenia for 365 days during that period. In practice, the application will be accepted if the spouse has maintained an Armenian residence permit during this time, regardless of the actual days spent in Armenia.

If you have a minor or adult child who is an Armenian national, you are eligible to apply for citizenship regardless of your marital status. This is considered a separate legal basis for citizenship application. It should be noted that in certain cases, the Passport Office may require a marriage certificate to establish paternity.

Before submitting your application, you must pass a multiple-choice test on the knowledge of the Armenian Constitution. The test has 33 questions, and you only need to answer 17 correctly to pass. You may be accompanied by a licensed translator to assist in translating the questions if you do not know Armenian.

Please be aware that fulfilling the aforementioned requirements does not ensure the approval of your citizenship application.

#4. Citizenship through residency

Si ha estado viviendo en Armenia de forma permanente durante los últimos tres años, es elegible para solicitar la ciudadanía armenia. Sin embargo, el término "residente permanente" no está claramente definido en la Ley de Ciudadanía. En la práctica, la policía aceptará y procesará una solicitud de ciudadanía si el solicitante ha mantenido un permiso de residencia armenio (temporal, permanente o especial) durante el período de tres años.

Además del requisito de residencia, deberá aprobar un prueba sobre su conocimiento de la Constitución armenia. Esta es una prueba de opción múltiple con 33 preguntas, y solo necesita responder 17 de ellas correctamente para aprobar. El examen se administra en armenio y se le pedirá que llene un forma biográfica en armenio también. Esto significa que es posible que necesite pasar algún tiempo (quizás un par de meses) aprendiendo armenio básico.

Es importante tener en cuenta que cumplir con los requisitos anteriores no garantiza que su solicitud de ciudadanía sea aprobada. Si su solicitud es rechazada, puede volver a presentarla después de un año. Además, si su solicitud es rechazada, puede apelar la decisión en la corte. Sin embargo, es probable que los procedimientos judiciales administrativos tarden hasta un año o incluso más.

Investing, setting up a business, working, or studying in Armenia may grant you lawful residency. For more information, check the residency page.

For more information, please check this page on citizenship by residency

#5. Citizenship by exception (Investment)

Citizenship by exception can be granted in 2-3 months to those who provide exceptional services, including substantial donations or investments. The Prime Minister's office can directly present candidates to the President, and each case is evaluated on individual merits. Factors that may influence the decision include investment size, charitable contributions, job creation, tax payment, nationality, and ties to the country.

#6. Recognition of Armenian Citizenship

If you were a permanent resident of Armenia as of July 13, 1995, and a citizen of the former Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic without any other citizenship, you are automatically recognized as an Armenian citizen.

If you do not have any other citizenship, you can apply to be recognized as an Armenian citizen. You can apply if you are an ethnic Armenian and a former citizen of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic who does not reside in Armenia, or if you reside in Armenia and were a citizen of the former U.S.S.R. or an ethnic Armenian.

If you are unsure about whether you are recognized as an Armenian citizen, you can send a written inquiry to the Passport Office. They will typically confirm your status in writing within a few weeks. You may also authorize your lawyer or representative to send this inquiry on your behalf.

#7. Special Passports and Other residence Permits

Before Armenia legalized dual citizenship in 2005, many ethnic Armenians obtained special passports to avoid renouncing their existing citizenship. Even today, some foreigners prefer to apply for special residency instead of becoming full citizens, often due to concerns about military service.

The special residence permit is valid for 10 years and can be extended indefinitely, and allows the holder to live, work, study, and engage in any other lawful activity in Armenia without additional paperwork. One notable advantage of the special passport is that its holder can own agricultural and other land directly in his/her own name, without the need to establish a legal entity. The special residence permit looks different from temporary/permanent residence permits as it is issued in the form a passport, not a card. Special passports are typically issued to ethnic Armenians, but in some exceptional cases, non-Armenians engaged in economic or cultural activities in Armenia may also be eligible. Children under 16 can also get special passports. The time required to obtain a special passport is around 60-90 days. Unlike applying for citizenship, you can apply for a special passport through a representative by granting them a power of attorney. 

Individuals of Armenian descent/origin can also qualify for temporary and permanent residence permits. Some ethnic Armenians may prefer a residence permit over citizenship, particularly if it is difficult to produce a legalized birth certificate. Additionally, obtaining a residence permit rather than citizenship can help individuals avoid registering with the military office or avoid having to renounce their current citizenship, particularly if their country of origin does not allow dual citizenship.

#8. Citizenship for Minors, Spouses, and Family Members

If you are an Armenian citizen, you can request immediate citizenship for your minor children. However, if you do not live in Armenia, the consent of the child's other parent may be required, and if the child is 14 years old or older, his/her consent is also necessary. Passports for children can be issued without your presence if you provide a power of attorney to your lawyer or other representative in Armenia. Starting in 2018, it became possible for an ethnic Armenian child to obtain Armenian citizenship even if neither parent is an Armenian citizen.

Adult sons and daughters generally have to go through a separate naturalization process and meet the requirements outlined in the Armenian Citizenship Law.

If your are a spouse or a parent of an Armenian citizen, you may be eligible to apply for citizenship if you meet the criteria specified above under "Citizenship for Spouses and Parents".

Once you are granted Armenian citizenship, your spouse, parents, children, siblings, grandparents or grandchildren can apply for a temporary permiso de residencia which is valid for one year. After three years of residence in Armenia, a permanent residence permit, which is valid for five years, may also be available. In exceptional cases, a special residence status, valid for ten years, may be granted (see above under "Special Passport and Other Residence Permits").

#9. Passport, Identification CArd, and Social Security Number

Once your citizenship is granted and the President of the Republic signs your citizenship decree, you may apply for an Armenian passport and an identification card. You have the option of choosing between a regular passport or a biometric passport (the issuance of biometric passports is currently suspended until 2024). If you initially apply for a regular passport, you can later apply for and obtain a biometric passport and have both passports valid. However, please note that the biometric passport shows your "place of residence," so if you prefer not to have this information on your passport, it is better to choose the regular passport.

You can also obtain an identification document (ID card), which is issued as a plastic card and displays your social security number (public services number).

#10. Fees & Expenses

In addition to the government fees outlined below, it is important to keep in mind that there may be additional expenses associated with the citizenship application process. These can include legal fees, translation and notarization fees, and other costs specific to your case. We recommend contacting us for an estimate of your overall budget.


Tarifa del gobierno

Solicitud de ciudadanía

1,000 ($3)

Pasaporte regular

1,000 ($3)

Pasaporte biométrico

25,000 ($64)

Tarjeta de identificación

3,000 ($8)

Registro de dirección

1,000 ($3)

Emisión rápida de pasaporte o tarjeta de identificación

Siguiente día de negocios

20,000 ($52)

Tres días laborales

10,000 ($26)

Cinco días laborales

5,000 ($13)

#11. Step-by-Step Process. Timeline. Documents

The steps, timeline and documents will depend on the nature and legal basis of your application. By way of illustraion, if you are considering obtaining an Armenian residence permit as an investor, you will need to follow these steps:

Step 1 - Prepare Documents. This step involves obtaining the necessary documents, such as a birth certificate, marriage certificate, proof of Armenian ethnicity or other relevant documents. These documents may require additional certification such as consular legalization or Apostille. It is also necessary to provide biographical information to complete the required application forms.

Step 2 - Book an Appointment. Currently, the Immigration Office mandates that all appointments be scheduled in advance using an online booking system (https://e-request.am/en). The waiting periods for these appointments may range from a few weeks to a few months. 

Step 3 - Visit Armenia. For applicants who choose to file their citizenship applications at an Armenian embassy or consular office abroad, the process may take longer as the required documents will have to be sent to Armenia and returned.  If you choose to file your application in person at the Passport Office in Armenia, the duration of your stay will depend on your individual circumstances. Typically, a 2-3 day stay in Armenia should be sufficient for the translation of documents and the filing of the application. It is advisable to check the visa requirements for your country and whether an invitation letter is needed before filing your application.

Step 4 - Submit the Citizenship Application. It is required to submit the application in person at the Passport Office. It is recommended to have a lawyer accompany you to ensure a smooth process. Supporting documents must also be submitted at this stage, and it is important to note that if you are applying based on residency or marriage to an Armenian citizen, you will be required to take a prueba on knowledge of the Armenian Constitution.

Step 5 - Track the Application Status. Once an application for citizenship is submitted, it will usually take up to 90 business days for processing. The application will be evaluated by both the Police and the National Security Service. If these agencies issue a negative opinion, the case will be referred to the Citizenship Committee for further review, which could extend the process to 6 months. If there are any questions or concerns about the documents submitted, the security officers may contact the applicant or their lawyer to request additional information or documents. Once a decision is made, the Passport Office will notify the applicant or lawyer, and it is also possible to check the status of the application online at

Step 6. Visit the Passport Office. Once your citizenship is granted, you will need to visit Armenia again to apply for and receive your passport and national ID card. This process usually takes 3-8 business days, depending on whether you need to register with the military office and whether you are willing to pay additional fees for expedited services. However, since June 25, 2022, the law now allows first-time applicants to obtain their passports at Armenian embassies/consulates abroad. If you have an obligation to register with the Military Office, it may be more convenient to apply for your passport at an Armenian embassy or consulate.

Step 7. Register with Military Office. If you are a male under the age of 55, it is likely that you will have to register with the military office in Armenia. If you have served in the military of another country, it is recommended that you bring a legalized document (consular legalization or Apostille) confirming this. The military registration process in Armenia usually takes 3-5 days. It may be a good idea to apply for your passport and undergo the military registration process at an Armenian embassy or consulate, even though this will make the process longer.

Step 8. Apply for a Passport and an ID card. Currently, when applying for an Armenian passport, you have the option to choose between a regular passport or a biometric one. The process of obtaining a regular passport may take up to three weeks, unless you opt for a fast-track service which will allow you to receive your passport or ID card on the next business day, or in three to five business days. During this stage, you will also have to register your address, and if you want to register a local Armenian address, you may need to provide proof of residence (such as a lease agreement or owner's consent). It is important to note that the issuance of biometric passports is currently suspended until 2024.

Step 9. Take the Oath and Collect the Passport. The applicant will be given a specific date and time (usually at 4 PM) to appear at the Passport Office to collect their passport and ID card. Before receiving the documents, the applicant will be required to sign an oath of allegiance to Armenia.

Recuerde tener en cuenta los honorarios legales y otros gastos, como los honorarios del gobierno, el correo, la traducción y la certificación notarial. Para información adicional, no dude en contactarnos.

#12. Rejection & Appeal

Applicants are typically notified of the rejection by text message, which does not provide the specific reasons for the rejection. The government has the authority to reject a citizenship application without providing any reasons, according to the law. The National Security Service is responsible for making decisions on applications, and they may reject an application if they believe it could endanger national security, public order or health, or the rights and liberties of others, as stated in Article 13 of the Citizenship Law. However, this agency is highly secretive and does not report to the Passport Office, so it is not possible to know the specific reasons behind a rejection without going to court.

If your application is rejected, you have two months to appeal the decision in court, but you will need to obtain a copy of the rejection decision from the Passport Office before filing the appeal.

If your application for citizenship is rejected, you may reapply after one year.

#13. Military Registraiton and Service

It is important to note that military service is mandatory in Armenia for male citizens between the ages of 18 and 27, with a service period of two years. Conscripts are drafted twice a year, in January and July. If you do not wish to serve in the military, it is advisable to wait until after you turn 27 to apply for Armenian citizenship.

Additionally, it is important to understand that acquiring Armenian citizenship does not automatically confer citizenship on minor children. If the other parent of a minor child is not also an Armenian citizen, the child will not become an Armenian citizen upon the parent's acquisition of citizenship. Similarly, a child born after the parent's acquisition of Armenian citizenship will not automatically become an Armenian citizen unless the other parent is also an Armenian citizen.

Individuals between the ages of 27 and 55 who become Armenian citizens are registered in the military reserve and may be summoned for service if mobilization is declared, such as during times of war. However, it is highly unlikely that naturalized citizens who have never served in the Armenian military will be called to duty. Military registration, if required, can take an additional 4-5 business days and may include a medical examination consisting of blood and urine tests, ultrasound, electrocardiography, and a physical examination.

Male citizens under the age of 55 may be required to participate in military training sessions, which usually last up to three weeks. There have been instances where citizens newly registered with the Military Office were asked to report for military training. Therefore, we strongly recommend that you check with the Military Office to confirm their current practices before traveling to Armenia to complete the military registration and collect your passport. If you are a male applicant under the age of 55, it may be wise to complete the military registration at the Armenian embassy/consulate abroad. Please be aware that the Military Office is capable of delivering notifications to Armenian citizens who are residing abroad through the use of Armenian embassies and consulates.

Military service evasion is a criminal offense and may result in imprisonment for up to three years. A criminal case can be initiated against individuals who were registered with the military office and were served a notice but failed to report to start their service. In certain circumstances, exemptions from military service are available, such as for individuals with serious health issues or for humanitarian reasons. Dual citizens may also be exempted from military service if they have served in the military of another country for at least 12 months (18 months for alternative service).

If you require further information regarding military service obligations, please do not hesitate to contact us. Additionally, if you are worried about fulfilling military service requirements, you may wish to consider applying for a special passport (special residency status).

#14. Tax Implications of Acquiring Armenian Citizenship

Acquiring Armenian nationality should not have any negative tax consequences, as Armenia's tax system is not based on citizenship. However, if you are a foreign employee or private entrepreneur working in Armenia, obtaining Armenian citizenship may trigger obligations to make social and military contributions. 

It is important to note that acquiring Armenian citizenship does not automatically make you a "tax resident." Tax residency is regulated by tax laws, not immigration laws. Becoming a tax resident of Armenia usually requires spending more than 183 days in the country within a year. This means that it is possible to be an Armenian citizen without becoming a tax resident, and vice versa.

Armenia generally does not impose taxes on capital gains from the sale of securities, real estate, or other assets, regardless of where these gains are generated. Certain types of income, such as insurance and pension payments, are also exempt from taxes. Additionally, there are no taxes on gifts, inheritance, or net worth. Dividends and interest income are generally taxed at a rate of 5% and 10% respectively in Armenia.

Tax residents are not generally exempt from paying taxes on income generated outside Armenia. In some cases, exemptions may be available under international agreements for avoiding double taxation, which Armenia has with around 50 countries.

También puede obtener documentos como prueba de domicilio registrado en Armenia, un número de seguro social, un número de identificación fiscal o un certificado de residencia fiscal.

#15. Address Registration Requirements

All Armenian citizens are required to have a registered address. Registered addresses are typically used for delivering official notices.

If a foreign address was provided in your citizenship application, it will automatically be registered as your official address. If you want to register a local address (for example, to have your passport or ID card show "Armenia" as your country of residence), you will need to provide proof that you reside in Armenia. This can include a certificate of ownership or lease for a residential property, or the owner's consent to the registration. If these documents are not available, you may request that the local police verify your residence (which can take up to two weeks).

If you are a male under 55 years of age, registering a different address may require you to register with a different military office located in the new area of your residence.

Consular registration is required if you become a resident of a foreign country, which typically occurs if you stay there for more than 183 days.

#16. Investment in Real Estate, Businesses, Bank Deposits, and Bonds

El mercado inmobiliario en Ereván ha experimentado una rápida apreciación en los últimos años, con el precio promedio de un metro cuadrado en el centro de Ereván aumentando de $885 en diciembre de 2016 a $1,651 en mayo de 2022, un aumento de 87% en menos de seis años. Este crecimiento se puede atribuir a la economía en crecimiento, el aumento del turismo y la demanda de nuevas viviendas entre los locales, así como los préstamos hipotecarios subsidiados y la apreciación de la moneda local en 2022.

El proceso de compra de una propiedad en Armenia es eficiente y rápido, con el país ocupando el puesto 13 entre 190 países en el "Registro de propiedad" del Banco Mundial índice. Incluso es posible comprar propiedades a distancia sin visitar el país.

Armenia no tiene impuestos sobre donaciones o sucesiones, y las ganancias de capital en la venta de bienes inmuebles por parte de un individuo generalmente no están sujetas a impuestos. Las tasas del impuesto a la propiedad oscilan entre 0% y 1% del valor catastral, que normalmente es significativamente inferior al valor de mercado. No se aplican derechos de timbre y solo se pagan pequeñas tasas oficiales, que no dependen del valor de la propiedad. Los ingresos por alquiler de hasta 60 millones de drams armenios (aproximadamente $155,000) por año se gravan a 10%, y los ingresos por alquiler que excedan esa cantidad se gravan a 20%.

Los extranjeros pueden poseer 100% de bienes inmuebles en Armenia, y tienen los mismos derechos que los locales para adquirir, poseer, arrendar, vender, legar y disponer de su propiedad. No es necesario que los extranjeros tengan un permiso de residencia o cualquier otro vínculo con Armenia. En general, el mercado inmobiliario en Armenia ofrece grandes oportunidades para los inversores extranjeros que buscan diversificar su cartera y aprovechar una economía en crecimiento.

Es posible que desee considerar comprar propiedades sobre plano de desarrolladores inmobiliarios y ver ganancias de capital no sujetas a impuestos de 20-30% después de que se complete la construcción. Hay muchos proyectos de construcción para elegir, y puede encontrar más información en sitios web como Armeconombank, Banco ACBA, Inecobank, Ameriabank, Grupo de inversión rojoy Construcción.am.

Tierras, Viñedos y Huertas

Las tierras en Armenia se clasifican de acuerdo con su uso designado (zonificación), incluidos agrícolas, residenciales, industriales, energéticos, forestales y más. Los extranjeros pueden ser dueños directos de terrenos domésticos y de jardinería, terrenos designados para la construcción y mantenimiento de una vivienda y terrenos para desarrollo residencial y comercial. Otros tipos de terrenos, como los terrenos agrícolas, pueden ser propiedad de una persona jurídica. Los titulares de un permiso de residencia especial pueden poseer todo tipo de terrenos. Existen algunas restricciones a la hora de construir en terrenos agrícolas, aunque las construcciones pequeñas de hasta 30 m2. están permitidos. En la mayoría de las comunidades rurales, estructuras de hasta 300 m2. se puede construir en terrenos superiores a 10.000 m2. También puede ser posible cambiar la zonificación de la tierra con la ayuda de la municipalidad local.

Si está interesado en inversiones agrícolas, podría considerar la fruticultura o la viticultura, que son uno de los sectores económicos más antiguos de Armenia, con más de 60.000 entidades activas en esta industria. Las formas de cultivo más populares son la uva, el albaricoque y el melocotón. Entre 1998 y 2016 se duplicó el territorio de huertas y el rendimiento aumentó en 14,5% entre 2008 y 2017 debido a la implementación de tecnologías innovadoras. Puede optar por comprar una granja existente o establecer una nueva, y puede ser elegible para un subsidio del gobierno. Hay dos tipos de subvenciones disponibles: compensación de hasta 50% de los costes incurridos en la instalación de un viñedo (huerto) o un préstamo a bajo tipo de interés (2%) por un importe máximo de $2,9 millones para viñedos, $5 millones para huertos, y $4.7 millones para granjas de bayas.

Depósitos bancarios, acciones, bonos y oro

Puede calificar para la residencia en Armenia comprando un negocio existente o una participación en uno. Sin embargo, tales transacciones pueden ser más complicadas debido a los necesarios controles de diligencia debida y asuntos de tasación. Si está interesado en invertir en pequeñas y medianas empresas, puede encontrar ofertas en el sitio web de Invest in Armenia: https://investin.am/investment-projects/. La bolsa de valores de Armenia también enumera algunas grandes empresas: https://amx.am/en/instruments/shares.

Aunque pocas empresas cotizan en la bolsa de valores de Armenia, muchas emiten bonos corporativos con rendimientos relativamente altos (superiores a 11% en moneda local y 6% en USD). El gobierno armenio también emite bonos a corto y largo plazo, generalmente con tasas de interés anuales superiores a 10%. Puede encontrar más información en el sitio web de la bolsa de valores y en moneymarket.am.

El interés pagado por los depósitos bancarios en Armenia es relativamente alto, con tasas anuales de hasta 10% para depósitos en moneda local y 5% para depósitos en USD. Los depósitos también se pueden realizar en euros y rublos rusos, y la información sobre las tasas de interés actuales de los depósitos está disponible en moneymarket.am. Aunque el dram armenio se ha apreciado frente al USD alrededor de 20% en 2022, los tipos de cambio se han mantenido mayormente estables durante las últimas décadas. Los bancos suelen retener un impuesto 10% sobre los pagos de intereses. También puede encontrar información sobre los precios actuales de los lingotes de oro (que van desde 1 gramo hasta 1000 gramos) en moneymarket.am. La mayoría de los bancos ofrecen servicios de cajas de seguridad, lo que le permite comprar lingotes de oro y guardarlos en un lugar seguro.

Todos los bancos en Armenia tienen licencia y están estrictamente regulados por el Banco Central de Armenia. También existe un sistema de seguro de depósitos que cubre depósitos de hasta AMD 16 millones (alrededor de $41 000) para depósitos en moneda local y AMD 7 millones (alrededor de $18 000) para depósitos en moneda extranjera. Sin embargo, el sistema nunca se ha utilizado ya que no ha habido corridas bancarias en la historia reciente.

#17. Company Registration in Armenia

Establecer una LLC en Armenia es un proceso rápido y sencillo, que se puede completar de forma totalmente remota. No hay limitaciones a la propiedad o gestión extranjera de empresas, ni requisitos mínimos de inversión, ni tarifas de renovación de las que preocuparse. Los accionistas tienen una responsabilidad limitada y pueden utilizar la estructura de la LLC con fines de protección de activos u optimización fiscal. Armenia también cuenta con regulaciones fiscales favorables para las pequeñas empresas, y muchas están completamente exentas de impuestos. Además, las empresas de TI pueden beneficiarse de incentivos fiscales especiales.

Beneficios: Registrar una LLC en Armenia tiene varias ventajas, entre ellas:

Proceso de registro rápido (normalmente en un par de días)
Los accionistas disfrutan de responsabilidad limitada
Requisitos mínimos de documentación (solo se necesitan pasaportes)
Sin restricciones a la propiedad o dirección extranjera
Sin requisitos mínimos de capital
No es necesario contratar socios locales, agentes, gerentes, secretarias, etc.
Existencia permanente sin cuotas de renovación
Cuentas bancarias disponibles en varias monedas
Sin restricciones a la repatriación de utilidades y capital

Para obtener más información, consulte la página en incorporación.

Impuestos: Armenia ofrece tasas impositivas favorables para las pequeñas empresas. Muchos tipos de empresas con ventas anuales inferiores a AMD 24 millones (equivalentes a alrededor de $62,000 a marzo de 2023) están exentos del impuesto sobre la renta. Otros negocios con ventas anuales por debajo de los 115 millones de AMD (alrededor de $297,000) también están exentos del impuesto sobre la renta, pero están sujetos a un impuesto sobre las ventas (impuesto sobre el volumen de negocios) de 5% o menos. Las empresas de TI recién registradas y las empresas que operan en zonas económicas libres, zonas industriales y ciertas ciudades y pueblos fronterizos también son elegibles para exenciones de impuestos.

Una LLC registrada en Armenia se considera residente fiscal de Armenia y está sujeta a impuestos sobre sus ingresos mundiales. Las tasas impositivas son generalmente las mismas independientemente de si los ingresos provienen de Armenia o de otro país.

Protección de activos: Una LLC armenia se puede utilizar como sociedad de cartera de activos. Establecer una LLC de "microempresa" exenta de impuestos puede ser ventajoso para recibir ingresos pasivos, como dividendos, de hasta AMD 24 millones (alrededor de $62,000) anualmente. Adicionalmente, los ingresos por enajenación de activos financieros no están sujetos a tributación, cualquiera que sea su monto. Sin embargo, es importante evitar ser clasificado como una "sociedad de inversión", que requiere licencia.

Si bien es posible usar una LLC para poseer bienes raíces en Armenia u otros países, las leyes fiscales armenias generalmente hacen que sea más beneficioso poseer dicha propiedad como individuo para evitar el impuesto a las ganancias de capital sobre las ventas entre individuos.

La ley armenia no reconoce los fideicomisos, por lo que los activos generalmente se mantienen a través de una LLC u otras estructuras corporativas, como una sociedad anónima, una fundación o una cooperativa de consumidores. Se permiten accionistas y directores nominales y corporativos, pero las empresas deben presentar declaraciones anuales que revelen los beneficiarios reales finales (UBO).

#18. Banking, Insurance, Driving License, Marriage Registration

Bancario: Armenia tiene un sistema bancario bien establecido, con 18 bancos de propiedad privada regulados por el Banco Central. Entre ellos, HSBC es un banco internacional, mientras que muchos bancos locales tienen capital extranjero de países como Rusia (VTB), Francia (ACBA), Líbano (Biblos, ID), Argentina (Converse), Irán (Mellat) y otros. Los bancos armenios ofrecen servicios bancarios modernos, que incluyen banca en línea y móvil, tarjetas de débito y crédito (Visa, MasterCard, AmEx), cuentas en varias monedas (USD, EUR, CHF, GBP, CAD, AED, RUR, JPY), cuentas de metal dorado , gestión de patrimonios, banca privada y cajas de seguridad. También tienen cargos bajos, privacidad fuerte y servicio al cliente de alta calidad.

Seguro de salud: En Armenia, las personas no están obligadas por ley a tener un seguro de salud. Sin embargo, las seis compañías de seguros con licencia ofrecen seguro de salud, con tarifas anuales que generalmente oscilan entre $300 y $600 por persona. estas empresas son Seguro SIL, Rosgosstrakh-Armenia, Seguro Nairi, armenia, Resoy Seguros Armenia.

Licencia de conducir: Obtener una licencia de conducir armenia es un proceso de dos pasos que implica realizar un examen teórico de manejo basado en computadora y un examen práctico de manejo. El preguntas examen teorico están disponibles en armenio, ruso, inglés, árabe y farsi. Hay un total de 1.116 preguntas, y la prueba consta de 20 preguntas con solo dos respuestas incorrectas permitidas. Para inscribirse en la prueba, puede visitar el sitio web roadpolice.am y espere la notificación sobre la hora y el lugar de la prueba. Si aprueba el examen teórico, se le permitirá tomar el examen de manejo de inmediato. Además, es posible cambiar su licencia de conducir extranjera por una armenia si su licencia es emitida por un país que es parte de la Convención de Viena de 1968.

Registro de matrimonio: Los extranjeros pueden casarse en Armenia sin ningún requisito de vivir o tener vínculos con el país. El proceso de registro suele ser rápido y se puede completar en tan solo dos días hábiles. Sin embargo, ambas personas deben presentar un certificado de "no matrimonio" de su país de residencia permanente para confirmar su estado civil. Si no se puede obtener un certificado de no matrimonio, se puede utilizar una declaración jurada en su lugar. Estos documentos deben estar legalizados, ya sea mediante Apostilla o legalización consular, y traducidos al armenio antes de que puedan presentarse al Ministerio de Justicia de Armenia. También es posible el registro remoto con un poder notarial.


Estaremos encantados de responder a sus preguntas. Por favor llene este formulario y nos pondremos en contacto pronto. 

Formulario de pasaporte de Armenia 2018.04.23

Nos comprometemos a mantener la confidencialidad de su dirección de correo electrónico. No vendemos, alquilamos ni alquilamos nuestros datos de contacto o listas a terceros, y no proporcionaremos su información personal a ningún tercero, agencia gubernamental o empresa en ningún momento.

Qué hace que Armenia sea una buena opción para la residencia 

Sin estancia ni visita

Mantener la residencia en Armenia no requiere presencia física; la aplicación remota es posible.

Rapido y facil

La solicitud de residencia suele tardar unos 80 días y solo se requiere un pasaporte válido. 

Familia cubierta

Los residentes pueden patrocinar a la familia extendida para la residencia (padres, hermanos, nietos, etc.) 

Camino de la Ciudadanía

Después de vivir en Armenia durante tres años, se puede obtener la ciudadanía. Se permite la doble ciudadanía.

Nuestro proceso probado para hacer de Armenia su segundo hogar



Como parte del proceso de preparación, nos encargaremos de traducir su pasaporte, imprimir fotos y completar los formularios necesarios.


Residencia para Familia

Puede patrocinar a su cónyuge, hijos, padres, hermanos, abuelos y nietos para obtener la residencia en Armenia.



Para calificar para la residencia, tiene la opción de hacer una inversión de bajo riesgo en bonos del gobierno o hacer una donación a un proyecto de desarrollo rural.


SSN, identificación fiscal, etc.

Puede obtener un certificado de domicilio social, un número de seguro social, un número de identificación fiscal personal, así como un certificado de residencia fiscal.


Permiso de residencia

Los solicitantes pueden optar por solicitar un permiso de residencia temporal (1 año) o permanente (5 años) a distancia o en persona.


Cuenta bancaria

Puede elegir entre 18 bancos que ofrecen banca en línea y móvil, opciones de Visa y MasterCard, y hasta 11% de interés en depósitos en AMD, RUR, etc.

Lo que dicen los clientes

En general, sentí que no podría haber sido mejor. Todo se solucionó sin problemas, sin esfuerzo y se manejó muy bien. 

Jagdish n.

Siempre es desalentador cuando se trata de inmigración, visas, etc. en un país extranjero. El equipo de Vardanyan & Partners hizo que el proceso para registrar el negocio y solicitar la residencia fuera mucho más fácil. No tenía preocupaciones en absoluto. El equipo en general realmente hizo todo lo posible para acomodarnos y ayudarnos.

Nadina B.

Los miembros del equipo eran todos profesionales, conocedores y, lo que es más importante, honestos. Son muy trabajadores y pacientes y siempre respondieron a mis mensajes y preguntas. Lo que más me gusta es que están muy bien organizados y tienen un sistema de trabajo moderno.

H. Rassa

Armenia es una nación fascinante con una rica historia y un futuro prometedor. Nuestra firma está totalmente comprometida a apoyar a las personas y empresas que reconocen el potencial de Armenia y están ansiosas por contribuir a su éxito continuo.

Confiamos en que este sitio web le sirva como un recurso valioso para recopilar la información que necesita. Si tiene alguna pregunta o necesita más ayuda, no dude en ponerse en contacto con nosotros. Puede contactarnos fácilmente a través de varios canales, como completar el formulario en nuestro sitio web, enviarnos un correo electrónico directamente a [email protected] o comunicarse por teléfono o aplicaciones de mensajería populares como WhatsApp, Viber, Telegram y Skype al +374.99. 00.11.67. Estamos siempre disponibles para ayudarle en todo lo posible.

Nerses Isajanyan
Abogado gerente
LL.M. Universidad de Georgetown, con licencia para ejercer tanto en Armenia (licencia n.° 903) como en Nueva York (licencia n.° 5148945)

Sobre nosotros

Vardanyan & Partners es un bufete de abogados de renombre ubicado en Ereván, Armenia, que ha brindado excelentes servicios legales desde su establecimiento en 2012. Nuestro equipo de abogados de habla inglesa con licencia local se especializa en asuntos de inmigración, incorporación y cumplimiento, lo que garantiza que los clientes recibir orientación legal experta. Estamos comprometidos a mantenernos actualizados con los últimos cambios en la legislación y las regulaciones, asegurando que nuestros clientes reciban el asesoramiento más relevante y preciso. En Vardanyan & Partners, ponemos un fuerte énfasis en la honestidad, la transparencia y la atención al cliente. 

  • Más de 10 años de experiencia especializada en inmigración y creación de empresas.
  • Comunicación rápida y fluida en inglés y ruso. Política de respuesta 24 horas.  
  • Pagos seguros en línea. Sin cargos ocultos. 
  • Abogados locales licenciados y asegurados. 

Dónde encontrarnos

4/3 Pirumyanner, 4.º piso, Suite 12 , Ereván, 0054, Armenia